Soft tissue & Bone grafting

What is bone grafting?

Bone loss may occur as a result of trauma, tooth extractions, long-term tooth loss, cysts, tumors or even gum disease. Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. Through bone grafting techniques, not only do we have the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, but we can restore functionality of the jaw and aesthetic appearance.

​A bone graft is a surgical procedure that replaces missing bone with material from the patient’s own body (autogenous) or with an artificial, synthetic or natural substitute (allograft). The graft not only replaces the bone, but can actually help your body to re-grow bone that has been lost.

What type of bone is used?

Bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone. Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum and protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration.

Major bone grafting is typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different sites depending on the size of the defect. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.